We have become dependent on the internet as our main source of information. From researching for a project or report to watching the latest news and music videos, the most basic of all digital literacy skills is the ability to find the content one is looking for. Not only does the internet contain a lot of information, but a significant portion of it is irrelevant or even false. After finding the required content, one needs to be able to check if the content is fit for consumption. In this theme of the toolkit, we focus on enabling individuals to efficiently and effectively find and consume digital contents.


1 .Search and Research using Google

The internet contains a lot of information. A single search on Google produces millions of results. The relevant contents we are looking for might get lost in the stack of similar search results. To be able to find the relevant information one is looking for, it is necessary for digital citizens to be able to properly use Google(or any other search engine).

2. Wikipedia - Friend or Foe?

Wikipedia has become a household name; the most popular online encyclopedia, and one of the most visited websites. For most people, it is usually the go to place when looking for information on a particular topic. Wikipedia, however, has to be used with a grain of salt. Crowdsourcing, which keeps Wikipedia fresh and frequently undated, is also the reason it is so vulnerable to vandalism and spread of falsehood. As a digital citizen, one must know both sides of Wikipedia, as a potential friend or foe, to be able to use it properly.

3. Why Disinformation Spreads
The present age of information has been deemed as the “age of disinformation,” due to the rapid rise in the creation and circulation of falsehood. To be able to consume proper information, one has to be able to differentiate the real from the fake. Being aware of the reasons that motivate the spread of disinformation help digital citizens identify them better.


1. Search and Research using Google

  1. Concerns about Google | Karkhana: This article informs the readers about some concerns people have expressed about the use of Google, so that they can be aware about the things they are indirectly a part of by supporting Google.
  2. A brief introduction to Google Scholar | Karkhana: This article talks about Google Scholar, its working, drawbacks, benefits and ends with some tips on making a better use of the tool
  3. Using Google Search Techniques | Karkhana: Members of Karkhana share their personal experience with using different Google search techniques

2. Wikipedia - Friend or Foe

  1. Meet the Wiki Family | Karkhana: Here the reader gets acquainted with ten members(there are more) of the wiki family
  2. How to check Wikipedia articles? | Karkhana: Members of Karkhana present an analysis of three Wikipedia articles, where they show the reader how to spot the red and green flags
  3. Sources of Information on Wikipedia | Karkhana: Where does the information on WIkipedia come from? What sources should we trust? What are the red flags? We answer these questions in this article

3. why Disinformation spreads

  1. Is Seeing Believing? | Karkhana: Modern technology has made it easy to create convincing manipulated images. In this article, we analyze four examples of altered images and discuss debunking them.
  2. Can you distinguish between real and fake news? | Karkhana: In the form of self-assessment questions this blog shows how easily fake news and satire can be mistaken for real news.


1. Search and Research using Google

How to Use Google Reverse Image Search to Fact Check Images | Common Sense Education: Common sense media teaches us how we can use the Google Reverse Image search feature

How to Find Better Information Online: Click Restraint: This video talks about a simple yet effective way to find better information - resist the urge to click and

5 Must-Have Google Search Tips for Students | Common Sense Education 

2. Wikipedia - Friend or Foe?

Wikipedia - Behind the encyclopedia: a guide about how the world's largest encyclopedia came to be and how it operates differently than most other popular websites.

Using Wikipedia: Crash Course Navigating Digital Information: How to better evaluate information with lateral reading, and find trustworthy primary sources.

How to Use Wikipedia Wisely: Basics of how to use Wikipedia wisely.

3. Why Disinformation Spreads

It’s Getting Harder to Spot a Deep Fake Video This video discusses the progress made in the field of making fake videos and the possible future implications.

Debunking fake news and hoax stories co-founder David Mikkelson talks about how they can distinguish between fake and true stories.

Online Verification Skills with Mike Caulfield This playlist has short videos that teach a process to verify information.

The CRAAP Test Video Learn how to determine if a website is a reliable source or not.


1. Search and Research using Google

  1. What Does Google Do With My Data? The article explains how Google uses your data to help advertisers and third parties to show targeted ads in Google products, in partner websites and in mobile apps.
  2. 9 Alternatives to Google The above article lists 9 possible alternatives to Google along with their interesting features.
  3. All the Ways Google Tracks You—And How to Stop It  The above article depicts the eerie ways google tracks your data through its various services including Youtube, Gmail and ads.
  4. 23 Google Search Tips You'll Want to Learn The above article illustrates a list of 23 google search tips as well as operators that are worth learning to increase your efficiency while using Google’s search.

2. Wikipedia - Friend or Foe

  1. Wikipedia editing rules in a nutshell - BBC A short article covered by BBC where it provides Wikipedia’s editing rules in a nutshell.
  2. How Wikis Work | HowStuffWorks An informative article that covers topics like understanding Wikipedia, wiki communities, and lastly, vandalism and edit wars.
  3. How Wikipedia Really Works: An Insider's Wry, Brave Account An article covered by Forbes where an insider puts his notion on the working of Wikipedia in a satirical (wry) form.
  4. 64 Of The Funniest Wikipedia Edits By Internet Vandals 64 examples of Wikipedia vandalism done by individuals over the internet.

3. why Disinformation spreads

  1. A guide to fighting lies, fake news, and chaos online A guide to slowing down and reading up on internet news
  2. #BotSpot: Twelve Ways to Spot a Bot | by @DFRLab | DFRLab Some tricks to identify fake Twitter accounts
  3. Tools That Fight Disinformation Online | RAND This article provides a list of online tools that can be used to fight disinformation
  4. Analysis | How misinformation on WhatsApp led to a mob killing in India This article talks about the 2018 mob lynching in Karnataka that resulted from false rumors spread through WhatsApp